chapter8 - Chapter 8 Memory Slide 1 What is Memory Often...

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Slide 1 Chapter 8 Memory
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 2 What is Memory? Often when we use the word “memory” we are referring to the conscious recollection of some past experience. e.g., What did you wear yesterday? However, in Psychology, we define memory much more generally. My definitions would go something like: Memory influences are any influence by which past experiences affect current performance. Given this more broad definition, there may be a large number of ways in which memory can influence us … for example:
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 3 Alphabetic Arithmetic Example A+3=D C+2=F T+2=W A+3=D S+3=V C+2=F S+3=V T+2=W C+2=F S+3=V A+3=D T+2=W A+3=D C+2=F S+3=V T+2=W
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 4 Rough Processing Model of Memory Stimulus Sensory Memory Working Memory Long-Term Memory aka, iconic or echoic memory aka, short-term memory aka, memory
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 5 Sensory Memory Often a “sensory trace” or the stimulus remains after the stimulus is gone. These traces are termed sensory memory , and they tend to be very short-lived. Sensory memory was most extensively studies by a cognitive psychologist named Sperling. Sperling’s studies focused on visual sensory memory which he termed iconic memory … here’s how they worked.
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 6 Iconic Memory - Full Report Condition Nine items will briefly be presented in the box below, then they will disappear. How many can you remember?
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 7 Nine items will briefly be presented in the box below, then they will disappear. How many can you remember? K L W D S P H J A Iconic Memory - Full Report Condition
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 8 What was your subjective impression? Did you think you saw them all for a short while … then they faded away? Iconic Memory - Full Report Condition
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 9 This time, report only the row that is indicated by the arrow that comes up after the letters are gone. Iconic Memory - Partial Report Condition
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 10 This time, report only the row that is indicated by the arrow that comes up after the letters are gone. S J U B M Q A R P Iconic Memory - Partial Report Condition
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Chapter 8 – Memory Slide 11 If we multiply your number recalled here by 3, we likely get a larger number than your full report number, right? Iconic Memory - Partial Report Condition
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Slide 12 Echoic Memory There is also an auditory version of sensory memory that is called echoic memory. You likely have noticed this form of memory in action. For example, the “what? effect”. As a further example, Steve will now do an auditory demonstration of echoic memory … his so called “5-3-5-7-2-stop” game. While iconic memory disappears in approximately 1
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course PSY 1 taught by Professor Stevejoordens during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.

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chapter8 - Chapter 8 Memory Slide 1 What is Memory Often...

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