TEST 1 - TEST1 13:27 AdjustmentinEverydayLife...

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TEST 1 13:27 Adjustment in Everyday Life This Modern World o Progress or just switching one set of problems for another? o Injury and infectious diseases becomes obesity, sleep deprivation and a  sedentary lifestyle o Time saved vs. time spent o If we are so rich, how come I’m broke? o Choice vs. choice overload The point? o Humans always look for direction, meaning and sense of personal  purpose o Cultural variations: personal fulfillment vs. obligation to family, society or  spiritual purpose Meaning and where to find it o Primarily socially sanctioned: religion, work, family, altruistic activities, self- actualization o Secondary: fame, money, respect, personal fulfillment, hedonic pleasure o Less or not socially sanctioned: cults, fringe belief systems, quack  treatments, pleasure at the expense of others, crimes in service of  principles o Self-help books: back to 1960s o TV and radio personalities o Professional and semi-professional therapists o Not always based on science Even if it is, not all the techniques will be effective for everyone Psychology
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o Science of animal and human behavior- the biological and mental  processes underlying it o Profession of applying this knowledge to practical problems o Primary branches Clinical Counseling Social Health Adjustment o Biological sciences term related to adaptation o Psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the  demands and challenges of everyday life o Principles based in psychological science Science o Three advantages of scientific approach: Clarity, precision, and intolerance for error o Experiment- research method, done in controlled environment, in which an  experimenter manipulates one or more variables to see what, if any, effect  those changes have on another variable o Independent variable: variable being manipulated o Dependent variable: variable being affected by the independent variable o Control group: group that does not receive the IV, checks for other  variables that may effect DV o Experiments are preferred because they have lowest amount of error Not always possible Ethics, practicality
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Correlational studies: studies performed to see if two variables are  related to each other. Naturalistic observation- careful observation of subjects without  intervening in behavior Case study- in-depth investigation of an individual participant Surveys- structured questionnaires designed to solicit information  about specific aspects of behavior Happiness Happiness correlations o Money o Age o Gender o Physical attractiveness o Intelligence and educational attainment o Parenthood o Health o Social activity
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course ECOL 3530 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UGA.

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TEST 1 - TEST1 13:27 AdjustmentinEverydayLife...

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