TEST 4 - TEST 4 14:43 Sexuality [November.5.2010] •...

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Unformatted text preview: TEST 4 14:43 Sexuality [November.5.2010] • Sexual identity o Sexual orientation o Body image o Sexual values/ethics o Erotic preferences o These things are a combination of genetics, physiology, and psychosocial influences • Physiology of sexuality o Hormones are the key o Androgens- male sex hormones, of which testosterone is chief o Estrogens- female sex hormones, of which estrogen is chief o Androgens are the primary sex drivers in both men and women o Estrogen has little effect • Family influence o Only 37% feel that they learned a lot about sex from their parents o Adolescents who are close to their parents are most likely to adopt their parents’ views on sex o Parents who punish sexualized behavior or make sex taboo reduce their influence on their children • Peers and schools o Peers are the primary source for sexual knowledge o A majority supports sex ed in schools, and 90% of schools offer some form o 30% offer abstinence-only 47% offer “abstinence-plus”, 20% offer “comprehensive” o comprehensive sex ed offers the best outcomes, and abstinence-only the worst • Media influences o The amount of sexual content in film and television increases constantly o TV, films, books/magazines, music and Internet content have strong influences for both positive and negative sexual behaviors o One in 10 people under 25 reports interrupting sex for a Facebook or text message • Gender and Sexual Socialization o Boys are socialized to view sex and emotional attachment as separate, and to experiment o Girls are socialized to equate sex with attachment, and to be less experimental o Girls are taught more negative aspects of sex than boys o These socializations are echoed in same sex couples • Homosexuality o Most theorists place homosexuality on a continuum o Research has ruled out many environmental causes o Gay people (especially males) report being gay from early childhood, and often displayed cross-gender tendencies o Evidence for homosexuality has been found across cultures and history o Current research indicates a possible biological source for homosexuality o There is some indication that exposure to hormones in the womb may play a role o However, the biological link is not certain and the fluid nature of female sexuality indicates some environmental influence • Homosexuality in culture o Acceptance is increasing in certain areas, but not all o Most Americans generally agree that gays should not be discriminated against in terms of work or in legal benefits… o …but don’t agree that gays should be legally married or raise children o women are generally more accepting than men, and young people more...
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course ECOL 3530 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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TEST 4 - TEST 4 14:43 Sexuality [November.5.2010] •...

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