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Christianity - J ui Bhingarde 1 Ch ristianity Christianity...

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Jui Bhingarde 1 Christianity Christianity is a historical religion; based on historical events not abstract concepts or principles Overview of Topics o Historical Jesus o His orientation o Historical context o Sadduces o Essenes o Pharisees o Zealots o The Jesus of Faith o The synoptic Gospels o The mystical body of Christ & the church o Foundations of Christian theology o Incarnation o Atonement o The trinity o Church history & the creeds o Catholicism, eastern orthodox, Protestantism Historical Jesus o We know little about the “historical” Jesus, what we do know is that: o He was born a Jew in Palestine 4 BCE o Grew up in Nazarith o Baptized by John the Baptist o Taught in Galilee o Was crucified at the age of 33 Modern Scholarship o Four general characteristics Great charisma- performed miracles Similar to the prophets of Judaism-oriented to both physical world and the spirit world A channel for the divine to humans and for humans to the divine Jesus acted toward people
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Jui Bhingarde 2 Spirit world of Jesus o Like Isaiah o Jesus was in dialog with the Spirit world o Understand his relationship to the spirit world o Jesus was a man of the spirit Two characteristics o Spirit was not separate from the earth o Spirit could be accessed Major themes/Messages o The kingdom of God o Belief that God will institute his perfect rule (spiritually and politically) on Earth like a restored Garden of Eden o Originally a Jewish sentiment o The reality of the kingdom would cause a reversal of the people’s thinking o Jesus sees himself in some capacity bringing the Kingdom o [The reality of the Kingdom would cause, according to Jesus, a reversal of people’s thinking; those who think they are holy are often among the least; the poor and lowly are, alternately, often more holy than others think; even some gentiles may enter the kingdom before some Jews, due to their holiness] Major themes/messages o Relationship to God: Some believed that Jesus saw himself as the son of God or even God Only in gospel of John does Jesus explicitly call himself the Son of God in the divine sense o Ethical Obligations: He found that the worst sin was the sin of self-righteousness Always doing the will of God as something that always takes priority over everything else, even tradition Prayer was meant to be sincere, not formulaic Kindness and compassion where to be the highest virtues Love is key
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Jui Bhingarde 3 [Thus Jesus’ arguments in the Gospels about healing on the Sabbath, as well as his intention to spend time with the ritually unclean, as they needed his help more than the ritually clean] Jesus healed with the spirit 1. The Jews accepted that the spirit was superior to the natural world 2. The spirit-filled prophets could heal and work miracles 3. Scholars state that Jesus was a healer and exorcist 4. Jesus was the most extraordinary of the Jewish charismatic beyond healing individuals. He aspired to heal humanity
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