ED F 335 - ED F 335 19/08/2009 08:29:00 Adolescence: 11-20,...

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Unformatted text preview: ED F 335 19/08/2009 08:29:00 Adolescence: 11-20, begins w/ puberty and ends with teens 4 developmental periods Infancy (birth-1.5) o walk (locomotion): child can create own environment o object concept/permanence: aware of objects existence and even when they cant see it o attachment relationship to caregiver: most important emotional achievement of our lives o can communicate needs without words o show receptive language in a way that allows them to become socialized Toddler (1.5-2.5) o Large and active vocabulary o Representational thought: solve problems in your head by thinking about things that are not there (2 yr old can drag chair over to counter to get cookies on counter) o Self awareness/assertion: talk about themselves and be aware of themselves, mine, I, refer to themselves and preferences or wishes. Can evaluate experiences and own behaviors o Pride and shame: conscience good vs bad o Self control Early childhood (2.5-5/6) indicators of school readiness o Grammar/ language: speak the same as other kids o Taxonomic grouping or categorical thinking: animals, shapes, colors, letters, numbers o Playing together: common understanding, agreement about what is involved o Self help skills o Empathy: ability to have some sense of others feelings Childhood (6-10/11) most understudied period bc it is so hard to figure out what is changing o Kids use logical thought: properties of number dont change o Social cognition: ability to make inferences of others motives and intentions- bumps into joking, accidentally, purposefully o Friendship: real relationships o Identification with same gender peer group o More accurate and refined self concept who am i? What are the major achievements of each period? Babies have reflexes and oriented responses, abilities are not connected See diagram in notes on HPG axis We are born with sex hormones but kept at a very low level when young: low set point for hormones When we are older, set point increases and allows higher levels HPG is negative feedback loop Pituitary gland produces many different hormones aka master gland HPG axis is responsible for puberty Hypothalamus carries out actions The set point increases If something doesnt work right, we must correct it medicinally Leptin (a protein) may signal to the brain that it is time for an increase in sex hormones. Leptin is produced by fat cells: too much may start puberty early, not enough may delay it Girls who are overweight tend to start puberty early However, boys who are overweight are delayed o Maybe because leptin is direct effect on girls weight, the boys who are...
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course ED F 335 taught by Professor Barrett during the Fall '09 term at Clemson.

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ED F 335 - ED F 335 19/08/2009 08:29:00 Adolescence: 11-20,...

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