04-06 SocialDevelopment-1

04-06 SocialDevelopment-1 - Social Development Social...

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1 Social Development Social Development Attachment • Patterns of Attachment • Imprinting • Socialization Attachment • Social development begins with the close emotional bond that develops between infant and primary caregiver (mother) b this is known as attachment • All infants form attachments, but the quality of attachment varies
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2 Cupboard Theory of Attachment • Freud believed that infants developed an attachment to their mothers because the mother provided them with food b cupboard theory • There are a number of problems with cupboard theory Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment • John Bowlby criticized cupboard theory • Bowlby argued that it was not simply the food and warmth provided by a mother that lead to attachment John Bowlby Bowlby’s theory of attachment proposed that infants find social interaction intrinsically rewarding Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment • Infants get pleasure from contact but also fear the unfamiliar • Built-in fear mechanism serves as a survival tool • Infants lacking it are less likely to survive General – infants have not yet learned specific dangers John Bowlby
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3 Harlow’s Surrogate Mothers • Studies by Harry Harlow provided
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04-06 SocialDevelopment-1 - Social Development Social...

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