04-13 Intelligence-1

04-13 Intelligence-1 - Social Cognition & Social...

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1 Social Cognition & Social Influences Obedience Stanford Prison Study (1973) – Normal college students recruited – Randomly assigned to be “guards” or “prisoners” in a mock prison Philip Zimbardo Obedience Stanford Prison Study – Experiment planned to go on for 2 weeks – Conditions rapidly deteriorated and the experiment had to be discontinued after only 6 days – Illustrates the power of obedience and situational factors!
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2 Mental Testing Mental Ability Tests – measure or describe an individual’s general mental ability or intellectual potential. 3 broad categories : achievement, aptitude, intelligence Personality Tests – Measure various aspects of personality including motives, interests, values, and attitudes – More than 500 different tests Intelligence Mental Ability Tests Achievement – Gauge a person’s mastery and knowledge of various subject Intelligence – Measure general mental ability – Intellectual potential rather than accumulated knowledge Aptitude – Assess specific types of mental abilities – Break mental ability into separate components
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3 Intelligence Issues in Mental Testing • Intelligence Testing • Reliability & Validity of Intelligence Tests • Approaches to Intelligence Issues in Mental Testing • Measurement – The Normal Distribution – The Correlation Coefficient • Reliability • Validity
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04-13 Intelligence-1 - Social Cognition & Social...

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