04-17 Personality-1 - Personality Personality Personality...

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1 Personality Personality Personality refers to enduring patterns of thought, feeling, motivation, and behavior that are expressed in different circumstances Consistency and Distinctiveness Personality Personality Testing • Approaches to Personality Trait Approach Psychodynamic Approach The Behaviorist Approach
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2 Personality Tests Although there are hundreds of personality tests, they generally fall into two categories: 1. Structured Personality Tests » ask specific questions that require specific answers 2. Projection Tests » unstructured task requiring description of some stimulus Structured Personality Tests Structured Personality Tests pose specific questions to examinees that require specific responses E.g., True/False, Multiple choice Problem : misrepresentation Structured Personality Tests Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) 567 items (true/false) lead to scores on 10 scales Primarily for clinical diagnosis
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3 Structured Personality Tests California Psychological Inventory (CPI) CPI is a non-clinical assessment of personality Criterion groups were those at extreme ends of personality traits in social groups Consists of 434 true/false questions Widely used in employee selection and counseling Projective Tests Projective tests assume that persons presented with a vague stimulus will “project” their own impulses and desires into a description of the stimulus Problem : interpretation "I see a …..” Projective Tests: Rorschach In the Rorschach Inkblot Test, subjects are
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