04-20 Personality-Psychopathology

04-20 Personality-Psychopathology - Personality Conflict...

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1 Personality • Sometimes, conflict leads to anxiety • This discomfort may lead to the use of defense mechanisms , which may temporarily relieve anxiety. Defense Mechanisms Defense mechanisms are largely unconscious reactions that protect a person from anxiety; mental maneuvers that work through self-deception – Repression – Projection – Displacement – Reaction Formation – Regression – Denial – Rationalization – Identification
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2 Defense Mechanisms Repression – burying distressing thoughts and feelings in the unconscious Projection – attributing one’s own feelings to another Displacement – diverting emotion feelings from original source to a substitute target Reaction Formation behaving in a way opposite how one feels Defense Mechanisms Regression – a reversion to immature patterns of behavior Denial – refusal to recognize reality Rationalization – creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior Identification – bolstering self-esteem by forming an imaginary alliance with some person or group Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Erotic Focus Age Stage Genitals (being sexually intimate) Puberty + Genital None (sexually repressed) 6-12 Latency Genitals (masturbating) 4-5 Phallic Anus (expelling or retaining feces) 2-3 Anal Mouth (sucking, biting) 0-1 Oral
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3 Personality Approaches to Personality Trait Approach Psychodynamic Approach The Behaviorist Approach Skinner: – Operant conditioning – Behavior and personality fully determined
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04-20 Personality-Psychopathology - Personality Conflict...

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