04-22 Psychopathology

04-22 Psychopathology - Psychopathology Stereotypes About...

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1 Psychopathology Stereotypes About Psychological Disorders 1. Psychological disorders are incurable 3. People with disorders behave in bizarre ways and are very different from “normals” Rosenhan (1973)!! Psychopathology • Defining Abnormal Behavior Psychological Disorders Anxiety Disorders • Somatoform Disorders • Dissociative Disorders • Mood Disorders • Schizophrenic Disorders
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2 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders are a class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety Four major types: Generalized Anxiety Disorder Phobic Disorder Panic Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder – Chronic, high level of anxiety not tied to any specific threat; “free floating anxiety” – Worry constantly about yesterday’s mistakes and tomorrow’s problems – Anxiety accompanied with physical symptoms – Gradual onset Anxiety Disorders Phobic Disorder – Anxiety is tied to a specific stimulus – Persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger – Accompanied by physical symptoms Mild phobias are extremely common
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3 Common Phobias Acrophobia Agoraphobia Arachnophobia Claustrophobia Brontophobia Xenophobia Anxiety Disorders Panic Disorder – Recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly – Often leads to agoraphobia – Onset usually late teens or early adulthood Anxiety Disorders Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – Persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts ( obsessions ) and urges to engage in senseless rituals ( compulsions ) Obsessions often focus on inflicting harm on others, personal failures, suicide, or sexual acts Compulsions involve rituals that temporarily relieve anxiety – 2.5% of the population; most emerge before age 35
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4 Etiology of Anxiety Disorders Biological factors – Genetic predisposition b higher concordance in MZ than in DZ twins – MZ = ~35% – DZ = ~15% GABA circuits in the brain Conditioning and Learning – Phobias are acquired through classical conditioning – Phobias are maintained through operant conditioning Psychopathology • Defining Abnormal Behavior Psychological Disorders • Anxiety Disorders Somatoform Disorders
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 1101 taught by Professor Tomhutcheon during the Spring '10 term at Georgia Tech.

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04-22 Psychopathology - Psychopathology Stereotypes About...

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