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10-17 Memory3 - Memory III Everything in life is memory...

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1 Memory III “Everything in life is memory , save for the thin edge of the present - Gazzaniga, 2000 Flashbulb Memories When an extremely emotional event occurs, this sometimes leads to a flashbulb memory Flashbulb memories are vivid and detailed recollections of momentous events The existence of flashbulb memories is controversial! Kennedy Assassination 9/11 Memory II Encoding & Retrieval Mnemonics Procedural Memory
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2 Mnemonics A mnemonic is a technique that is used to improve memory Common mnemonics are those in which verbal information is reorganized Acronym barb2right ROYGBIV = red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet Visual imagery is also an effective mnemonic Peg Word Method Method of Loci Mnemonics: Peg Word Method The peg word method involves combining visual imagery with a verbal rhyme – useful for remembering ordered lists of items peg words are used to maintain the serial order of items ( peg words = bun, shoe, tree, etc. ) One is a bun Two is a shoe Three is a tree Peg words are then associated with to-be- remembered items through visual imagery Mnemonics: Method of Loci The method of loci , the contents of a physical location that you are familiar with are linked to the items you want to recall Imagine objects in a familiar place (your room, house, yard) Associate each of these objects with an item to be remembered (your favorite chair = lamp) To improve memory of the order of items, it is useful to imagine objects along an often traveled path (your walk to class, drive to work)
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3 Memory II Encoding & Retrieval Mnemonics Procedural Memory Procedural Memory Procedural Memory Long-term memory of skills and procedures barb2right knowing “how” to do something Procedural memory is not easily verbalized Procedural Memory A common task used to examine procedural memory is mirror tracing In mirror tracing, a drawing is traced but one’s own actions are viewed through a mirror
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