10-20 Memory3-Language1 - Memory III Everything in life is...

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1 Memory III “Everything in life is memory , save for the thin edge of the present - Gazzaniga, 2000 Memory III • Forgetting Memory Distortions • Biological Basis of Memory Memory Distortions
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2 Schemas Schemas are organized clusters of knowledge about events or objects based on experience Memory distortions are thought to occur (at least partially) because of the activation of schemas at recall Subjects viewed a video of an automobile accident Two groups of subjects were then asked different questions about the accident 1. “How fast were the cars going when they hit each other?” 2. “How fast were the cars going when they smashed into each other?” A week later, subjects’ recall of the incident was tested by asking them if they saw broken glass Note : there was no broken glass in the video • The words “hit” and “smash” activate different schemas , which leads to a later false memory hit smash
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3 Misinformation Effect Misinformation effect – providing incorrect information to an individual at the time of recall can affect reports of their own memory The misinformation effect occurs for two reasons: 1. Activation of relevant schemas by leading words 2. Errors in source monitoring Source Monitoring The misinformation effect appears to also be due, in part, to the unreliability of source monitoring Source monitoring is the process of making attributions about the origins of memory • A source monitoring error occurs when a memory derived from one source is misattributed to another source b mistakenly attributing a statement to a reliable source can
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 1101 taught by Professor Tomhutcheon during the Spring '10 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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10-20 Memory3-Language1 - Memory III Everything in life is...

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