Short run open economy student

Short run open economy student - The Open Economy Short-run...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Open Economy Short-run Models and Exchange Rate Regimes
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What we will cover the Mundell-Fleming model ( IS-LM for the small open economy) causes and effects of interest rate differentials arguments for fixed vs. floating exchange rates how to derive the aggregate demand curve for a small open economy
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The Mundell-Fleming model Key assumption: Small open economy with perfect capital mobility. r = r* Goods market equilibrium – the IS* curve: ( ) ( ) ( ) * Y C Y T I r G NX e = - + + + where e = nominal exchange rate = foreign currency per unit domestic currency
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The IS* curve: Goods market eq’m The IS* curve is drawn for a given value of r * . Intuition for the slope: Y   e IS * ( ) ( ) ( ) * Y C Y T I r G NX e = - + + + e NX Y ⇒ ↑ ⇒ ↑
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The LM* curve: Money market eq’m The LM* curve: is drawn for a given value of r * . is vertical because: given r* , there is only one value of Y that equates money demand with supply, regardless of e . Y   e LM * Obj103
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Equilibrium in the Mundell-Fleming model Y   e LM * Obj104 IS * ( ) ( ) ( ) * Y C Y T I r G NX e = - + + + equilibrium exchange rate equilibrium level of income
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In a system of floating exchange rates , e is allowed to fluctuate in response to changing economic conditions. In contrast, under fixed exchange rates , the central bank trades domestic for foreign currency at a predetermined price. Next, policy analysis – first, in a floating exchange rate system then, in a fixed exchange rate system
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Fiscal policy under floating exchange rates At any given value of e , a fiscal expansion increases Y , shifting IS* to the right. Y   e Obj106 ( ) ( ) ( ) * Y C Y T I r G NX e = - + + + Y 1 e 1 * LM 1 * I S 2 * I S e Results: l e > 0, l Y = 0
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Lessons about fiscal policy In a small open economy with perfect capital mobility, fiscal policy cannot affect real GDP. “Crowding out” closed economy: Fiscal policy crowds out investment by causing the interest rate to rise. small open economy: Fiscal policy crowds out net exports by causing the exchange rate to appreciate.
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Monetary policy under floating exchange rates An increase in M shifts LM* right because Y must rise to restore eq’m in the money market. Y   e e Y 1 * LM 1 * I S Y 2 2 * LM e Results: l e < 0, l Y > 0 Obj1 4 ( ) ( ) ( ) * Y C Y T I r G NX e = - + + +
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Monetary policy affects output by affecting the components of aggregate demand: closed economy: M ⇒↓ r I Y small open economy: M ⇒↓ e NX Y Expansionary mon. policy does not raise world agg. demand, it merely shifts demand from foreign to domestic products. So, the increases in domestic income and
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Short run open economy student - The Open Economy Short-run...

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