Summary • Canada currently receives over 200,000 immigrants per year.This number has fluctuated over time, for example, sometimes being lower during economic downturns. Compared to 40 years ago, immigrants are significantly more likely to come from Asia than western Europe. Most immigrants settle in large cities, especially Toronto and Vancouver. • The Canadian government has two main policy instruments for controlling immigration. First, it can set a target number of total immigrants. Whether the target binds will depend to some extent on the supply side by the number of people who want to immigrate to Canada.Second,the gov-ernment can affect the mix by determining how many immigrants will be admitted in the assessed and nonassessed classes. Since the 1990s the gov-ernment tilted the mix toward more-skilled immi-grants, by increasing the number of immigrants assessed by the points system and decreasing the size of the family-reunification class. • Policymakers and economists can use the simple
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