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SummaryCh14 - S u m m ar y Unions are collective...

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Summary Unions are collective organizations whose primary objective is to improve the well-being of their members.In Canada this objective is met primarily through collective bargaining with the employer. There are two basic types of unions. Craft unions represent workers in a particular trade or occupa- tion while industrial unions represent the workers in a specific industry. Some unions combine ele- ments of both types. A significant fraction of the Canadian labour force—about 26 percent in 2005—are union mem- bers. The importance of unions in Canada has increased over time. Union membership as a per- centage of nonagricultural paid workers—a com- monly used measure of union density—rose from 16 percent in 1920 to 31 percent in 2005. Union representation and collective bargaining in Canada are regulated by an elaborate legal frame- work that has changed substantially over time.The law provides workers with the right to form and join unions, and establishes procedures for admin- istering and enforcing these rights. Canadian
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