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Unformatted text preview: 3 * Age) + (15.91 * BW) + (539 * HT) 1 * Age) + (9.36 * BW) + (726 * HT) KIN 2504 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Spring 2008 Chapter 1 Define and understand the importance of sound physical fitness and wellness. Wellness o Physical fitness is not the only risk factor for chronic disease. o These risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, constant stress, excessive alcohol, high dietary fat intake, and careless sex. o Wellness = the constant and deliberate effort to stay healthy and achieve the highest potential for well-being. o Health care costs are high because of the unhealthy behaviors of Americans. 7 personal dimmensions of wellness: 1. Physical 2. Emotional 3. Mental 4. Social 5. Environmental 6. Occupational 7. Spiritual Physical Fitness Physical fitness can be divided into motor-skill related and health-related components. There are four health-related components and six motor-skill related components. Physiologic fitness is referred to medically as the effect of exercise on body function and disease prevention. List and define the components of health-related and skill-related fitness. 4 health related components: 1. Cardiorespiratory endurance ability of heart and lungs and blood vessels to supply oxygen to the cells and meet demands for physical activity 2. muscular strength and endurance- ability of muscles to generate force 3. Muscular flexibility- achievable range of motion of a joint or group of joints without causing injury 4. Body composition- amount of lean body mass and adipose tissue in the body 6 Motor-Skill Related components 1. Agility- ability to change body position and direction quickly and efficiently 2. Balance- ability to maintain the body in equilibrium 3. Coordination- integration of the nervous and muscular system to produce correct graceful and harmonious body movements 4. Power- ability to produce maximum force in shortest time 5. Reaction Time- time required to initiate a response to a given stimulus 6. Speed- ability to propel the body or part of the body rapidly from one point to another Learn the benefits of a comprehensive fitness and wellness program. Benefits of Fitness and Wellness o Longer life o Positive lifestyle and health o Epidemiological research showed that physical activity is related to mortality. Learn motivational and behavioral modification techniques to encourage compliance with a healthy lifestyle program....
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- Spring '08