Midterm_Exam_II_Politics_in_Spain_2018.docx - Midterm...

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Midterm Exam (Politics in Spain) Name: Ashley SilbermanExplain the ideological controversy during the transition regarding the form of State (State of the Autonomies or Regions) due to the Institutional legacy of Franco’s regime and the historic role and political positions of the Spanish conservatives. Maximum length for the exam/essay is 3 pages. Use the readings in Moodleand the class notes. Franco was the Caudillo of Spain for nearly forty years. From the close of the Civil War in 1939 (Franco was Chief of the Government of the Spanish State since September 1936) up until his death in 1975, General Franco was the authoritarian ruler in Spain. Franco was the last of the European dictators still alive from the inter-war period. The Francoist constitution and the Leyes Fundamentales were supposed to make possible the institutionalization of the regime and ensure its continuity after Franco's death; Franco counted on the army to guarantee the established legality and constitutionality of the regime.1Over time, the army had internalized thisrole, and would not allow the regime to fall after the dictator’s death. However, this may have ledto the beginning of a search to develop to how to break the regime within the parameters of the Constitution so that the military would not get involved. Francoism was based on the coalition of forces that had gained victory during the civil war. Franco divided the functions of the state among various families of the regime. This kept theregime strong and prevented its collapse. Franco believed that balancing the families (Catholics, monarchists, soldiers, clergymen, Falangist’s, and technocrats) against one another within his government would decrease the possibilities of a coup or uprising occurring to oust him from power.2The families were formally united in the single party known as the Movimiento,

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