Understanding Disease Part 1 - Understanding Disease (Color)

Understanding Disease Part 1 - Understanding Disease...

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Viewing Health From A Global Perspective Understanding Disease
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Discussion Question One People with infectious diseases like tuberculosis A. should be forcibly quarantined for the benefit of  society B. should be advised concerning how to minimize their  risk to others but should not be forced to comply  with medical advice C. should be monitored to make sure they comply with  prescribed drug regimens D. Tuberculosis is not a serious health problem in the  United States today so there is no problem
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Discussion Question Two People with latent TB infection  A. have no visible symptoms  B. usually present with serious respiratory symptoms  C. cannot spread TB to others  D. usually do not develop active TB disease even if  they do not receive treatment Source: Centers for Disease Control http://www.cdc.gov/tb/faqs/qa_introduction.htm#Intro2
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Discussion Question Three Multiple drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) A. is a relatively minor problem that affects parts of  the former Soviet Union and China  B. is largely the result of the misuse of antimicrobial  drugs and incomplete treatment regimens C. is defined as resistance to penicillin and  streptomycin  D. is easily eliminated with improved nutrition Adapted from: Drug Resistance News http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/59123.php
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Understanding Disease: Epidemiology Important epidemiological concepts: Rate Incidence Prevalence Relative Risk Risk Profile
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The Epidemiological Model
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Characteristics of the Environment that Affect the Risk of Infection Presence of pathogens and disease causing organisms Natural and man-made barriers to or facilitators of infection, e.g., Zoonosis Pollution Natural disasters Wars and political unrest General level of economic development Social practices and behaviors
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Characteristics of the Agent that Affect the Risk of Infection Proximity to humans Ease of and route of infection Virulence and infectiousness Interactions with other pathogens
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Characteristics of the Host that Affect the Risk of Infection
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course UGS 303 taught by Professor Foster during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Understanding Disease Part 1 - Understanding Disease...

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