International Poverty - International Poverty

International Poverty - International Poverty -...

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Poverty and Global Health 
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Social stratification:  Where do you fit? My family belongs to A. Upper class B. Middle class C. Working class D. Lower class
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Poverty From a Global Perspective Important Concepts related to Poverty and Income Distribution Absolute poverty: related to access to the basic necessities of life like food, shelter, basic medical care Relative poverty: related to the income distribution within a population
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Official U.S. Government Poverty Thresholds: 2007 Number of Children None One Two Three Three persons $15,769 $16,227 $16,242 Four persons $20,794 $21,134 $20,444 $20,526 Maximum (9 or more persons, 8 or more children) $38,975 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/histinc/f03ar.html
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Average Household Income by Income Quintiles: United States 2005 1966 Lowest quintile $ 14,767 $ 2,345 Second quintile $ 35,137 $ 5,206 Third quintile $ 56.227 $ 7,449 Fourth quintile $ 84,095 $17,019 Highest quintile $176,292 $17,018 Top 5% $308,636 $26,133 Ratio Quintile5/Quintile 1 11.94 7.25 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/histinc/f03ar.html
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Proportion of Total National Income Going to Each Quintile, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico, ca 1990 and 2002 Quintiles 1 2 3 4 5 Ratio 5/1 Guatemala 1989 3.7 8.9 13.5 19.9 54.1 14.6 2001 5.0 9.3 13/0 21.0 51.9 10.4 Honduras 1990 2.1 7.3 12.4 20.3 57.9 27.6 2002 3.9 7.9 12.1 20.5 55.6 14.3 Mexico 1989 5.9 10.2 14.6 20.3 49.0 8.3 2002 6.2 10.6 14.5 21.5 47.2 7.6 Source: World Development Index 2002, The World Bank.
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Proportion of the Population Living on Less Than $1 per Day Share (percent) Number (millions) Region 1990 1999 1990 1999 Sub-Saharan Africa 47.7 46.7 242 300 East Asia and the Pacific 27.6 14.2 452 260 Excluding China 18.5 7.9 92 46 South Asia 44.0 36.9 495 490 Latin America/Caribbean 16.8 15.1 74 77 Eastern Europe/Cent Asia 1.6 3.6 7 17 Middle East/North Africa 2.4 2.3 6 7 Source: Human Development Report, 2002, http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2002/en/pdf/chapterone.pdf
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What are the Causes of Extreme Poverty? A Colonial History which has often left a history of corruption and extreme inequality Extractive economies dependent on export of raw materials (e.g., lumber, minerals, bananas) resulting in an unfavorable location in the global economy Ethnic/religious/political strife Demographics and excessive dependency ratios that accompany high mortality rates and low educational levels
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Population Pyramids for Various Countries
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Percentage of low birth weight infants (< 2,500 grams, 1988-2000), least developed nations 166 Angola 12% 167 Chad
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course UGS 303 taught by Professor Foster during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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International Poverty - International Poverty -...

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