Mental Health - Mental Health

Mental Health - Mental Health -...

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Mental Health: Social & Global Issues
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Which of the following behaviors are clear symptoms of  mental Illness? A. Talking to God. B. Being unable to hold a job. C. Not being able to be alone for long periods  of time. D. Believing that one can rule the world.
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What is Mental Illness? Is alcoholism a disease?  What criteria would you  apply to determine which behaviors are diseases?  If  it isn’t a disease, what is it? Are the following compulsive behaviors illnesses?  Excessive gambling. Indiscriminate and careless sexual behavior. Eating far too much. Checking to be sure your car door is locked several times  before you can leave. Shoplifting.
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Thomas Szasz and the Antipsychiatry  Movement Author of  The Myth of Mental Illness  and  The Manufacture of  Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the  Mental Health Movement. Principles of the antipsychiatry movement :   The definitions of, or criteria for many, if not most psychiatric  diagnoses are vague and arbitrary, leaving too much room for  opinions and interpretations to meet basic scientific  standards.  There are not “signs”, only “symptoms”. If there is no visible lesion you cannot diagnose a disease . .
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The Antipsychiatry Movement (Continued) Socially undesirable behaviors can be labeled mental  illness. Current psychiatric treatments are ultimately far  more damaging than helpful to patients. e.g. Lobotomy, Russian use of psychiatric hospitals  for political prisoners
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  The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the  American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) In the absence of blood tests or clear pathology the  diagnostic process involves a highly involved process  of defining all aspects of the illness in terms of  Specific symptoms. Their duration and severity. The fact that they do not suggest some other disease. The term “functional” is used to refer to illnesses that  are defined in terms of functioning or behavior.
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The functional psychoses comprise a class of medical diseases with no known biological cause (e.g., schizophrenia and delusional disorders). Classified as illnesses of unknown origin so the validity of diagnostic judgments depends on extrinsic criteria, such as course and outcome of disease episodes and response to treatment. In the absence of unambiguous signs , psychiatrists depend entirely on symptoms . Extrapolate backwards from treatment outcomes.
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course UGS 303 taught by Professor Foster during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Mental Health - Mental Health -...

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