7 special populations- mental illness

7 special populations- mental illness -...

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Mental Health: Social & Global Issues
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Which of the following behaviors are clear symptoms of  mental Illness? A. Talking to God. B. Being unable to hold a job. C. Not being able to be alone for long periods  of time. D. Believing that one can rule the world.
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 Are the following compulsive behaviors  illnesses? A. Excessive gambling A. Indiscriminate and careless sexual behavior A. Eating far too much A. Checking to be sure your car door is locked several times  before you can leave A. Shoplifting
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What is Mental Illness? Is alcoholism a disease?   What criteria would you apply to determine which  behaviors are diseases?   If it isn’t a disease, what is it?
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Prevalence An estimated one in four people globally will  experience a mental health condition in their  lifetime.  People with mental, neurological and substance use  disorders are often stigmatized and subject to neglect  and abuse. Source: WHO  http://www.maximsnews.com/news20101010WHOMENTALHEALTHDAY11010100102.ht m
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World Health Estimates in 2002 Over 150 million people report depression 25 million diagnosed with schizophrenia  50 million have epilepsy Over 100 million have drug or alcohol use disorders Over 1 million suicides/year * Source: http://conversation.lausanne.org/en/conversations/detail/11424 * http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/en/
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Thomas Szasz and the Antipsychiatry  Movement Author of  The Myth of Mental Illness  and  The Manufacture of  Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the  Mental Health Movement. Principles of the antipsychiatry movement :   The definitions of, or criteria for many, if not most psychiatric  diagnoses are vague and arbitrary, leaving too much room for  opinions and interpretations to meet basic scientific  standards.  There are not “signs,” only “symptoms.” If there is no visible lesion you cannot diagnose a disease .
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The Antipsychiatry Movement (Continued) Socially undesirable behaviors can be labeled  mental illness. Current psychiatric treatments are ultimately far  more damaging than helpful to patients. e.g. Lobotomy, Russian use of psychiatric hospitals  for political prisoners
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  The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the  American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) In the absence of blood tests or clear pathology the  diagnostic process involves a highly involved process  of defining all aspects of the illness in terms of  Specific symptoms. Their duration and severity.
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7 special populations- mental illness -...

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