International poverty (2)

International poverty (2) - :Wheredoyoufit My family...

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Poverty and Global Health 
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Social stratification:  Where do you fit? My family belongs to A. Upper class B. Middle class C. Working class D. Lower class
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Poverty From a Global Perspective Important Concepts related to Poverty and Income Distribution Absolute poverty: related to access to the basic necessities of life like food, shelter, basic medical care Relative poverty: related to the income distribution within a population
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Official U.S. Government Poverty Thresholds: 2007 Number of Children None One Two Three Three persons $15,769 $16,227 $16,242 Four persons $20,794 $21,134 $20,444 $20,526 Maximum (9 or more persons, 8 or more children) $38,975 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/histinc/f03ar.html
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Average Household Income by Income Quintiles: United States 2005 1966 Lowest quintile $ 14,767 $ 2,345 Second quintile $ 35,137 $ 5,206 Third quintile $ 56.227 $ 7,449 Fourth quintile $ 84,095 $17,019 Highest quintile $176,292 $17,018 Top 5% $308,636 $26,133 Ratio Quintile5/Quintile 1 11.94 7.25 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/histinc/f03ar.html
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Proportion of Total National Income Going to Each Quintile, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico, ca 1990 and 2002 Quintiles 1 2 3 4 5 Ratio 5/1 Guatemala 1989 3.7 8.9 13.5 19.9 54.1 14.6 2001 5.0 9.3 13/0 21.0 51.9 10.4 Honduras 1990 2.1 7.3 12.4 20.3 57.9 27.6 2002 3.9 7.9 12.1 20.5 55.6 14.3 Mexico 1989 5.9 10.2 14.6 20.3 49.0 8.3 2002 6.2 10.6 14.5 21.5 47.2 7.6 Source: World Development Index 2002, The World Bank.
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Proportion of the Population Living on Less Than $1 per Day Share (percent) Number (millions) Region 1990 1999 1990 1999 Sub-Saharan Africa 47.7 46.7 242 300 East Asia and the Pacific 27.6 14.2 452 260 Excluding China 18.5 7.9 92 46 South Asia 44.0 36.9 495 490 Latin America/Caribbean 16.8 15.1 74 77 Eastern Europe/Cent Asia 1.6 3.6 7 17 Middle East/North Africa 2.4 2.3 6 7 Source: Human Development Report, 2002, http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2002/en/pdf/chapterone.pdf
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What are the Causes of Extreme Poverty? A Colonial History which has often left a history of corruption and extreme inequality Extractive economies dependent on export of raw materials (e.g., lumber, minerals, bananas) resulting in an unfavorable location in the global economy Ethnic/religious/political strife Demographics and excessive dependency ratios that accompany high mortality rates and low educational levels
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Population Pyramids for Various Countries
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Percentage of low birth weight infants (< 2,500 grams, 1988-2000), least developed nations 166 Angola 12% 167 Chad 17% 168 Congo, Dem. Rep. of the 12% 169 Central African Republic 14% 170 Ethiopia 15% 171 Mozambique 14% 172 Guinea-Bissau 22% 173 Burundi 16% 174 Mali 23% 175 Burkina Faso 19% 176 Niger 17%
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Percentage of low birth weight infants (< 2,500 grams, 1988-2000), most
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  • Spring '08
  • FOSTER
  • Life expectancy, Household income in the United States, Least Developed Countries, Central African Republic, Central African Republic Ethiopia Mozambique Guinea-Bissau Burundi Mali Burkina Faso Niger, Mozambique Guinea-Bissau Burundi

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