Jeff Taylor's Lecture on Disease Surveillance - Public Health Structure in Texas

Jeff Taylor's Lecture on Disease Surveillance - Public Health Structure in Texas

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Disease Surveillance - Public Health Structure in Texas
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Texas Background ~ 25 million population Contains 3 of the 10 largest cities in the nation (Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas) 254 counties ( population range from 60 – 3.9 million) Roughly 800 x 800 miles
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Public Health in Texas System is complex Must respond to: urban and rural needs diverse population vast geographical challenges including an international border access to services issues (~24% lack health insurance ) Texas is “home rule” state – local autonomy
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State Level Responsible for oversight and implementation of public health and behavioral health services The state level system includes 11 health service regions Regions are responsible for public health services in those areas not served by local health departments (~ 20% state population)
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Health Service Regions are as Big as Some States!
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Local Public Health 144 local health departments or districts 63 “Full Service” 81 “Limited Services” ~ 80% of state population is served by local health departments
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Disease Surveillance Ongoing, systematic collection, collation, analysis and interpretation of health indicators in the population Detection Verification Response
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