4. MEANING

4. MEANING - MEANING Aspectsofmeaning Reference Denotation

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
MEANING   Aspects of meaning Reference The relationship of linguistic forms to objects, events, etc.  Denotation The thing to which an expression refers Connotation The signifying in addition, i.e. additional implications Diagnostic A feature intrinsic to some reality which helps us see that reality: fever is a  symptom of illness Prognostic “The election of the new president means nothing good” Examples   Reference . The relationship between the word 'horse' and the animal to which it refers.  Denotation . The denotation of 'horse' is something like "the hoofed quadruped which has  characteristics A, B, C, etc.".  Someone who can use 'horse' correctly understands its  denotation, but may not know everything there is to know about horses.  Connotation .  The denotation of 'stallion' is "male ungelded horse".  'Stallion' may evoke  additional meanings, e.g. "frisky, powerful".  The latter is a connotation.  Diagnostic .  The height of a mercury column in a thermometer is diagnostic of the  temperature (the temperature  modifies the volume of the mercury).  Prognostic
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 02/06/2011.

Page1 / 3

4. MEANING - MEANING Aspectsofmeaning Reference Denotation

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online