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5. RITUAL

5. RITUAL - RITUAL Theyarestereotyped, Theyareprescribed: :...

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RITUAL Rituals are activities with the following characteristics: •    They are stereotyped, and therefore largely predictable; •    They are prescribed: specific things must be done in a specific way; •    They are communicative events: part of what they do is to communicate a message. •    They are carried out in earnest (i.e., not as a game); •    They are non-instrumental in the physical sense, i.e. the prescribed activity do not  have a direct material effect.   Examples of rituals:  •    Religious rituals (calendrical, curing, rites of passage)  •    National rituals (saluting the flag, national anthem),  •    Group rituals (fraternity initiations),  •    Polite behaviour.  Rituals use meaning to create a reality.  Rituals are models for action; they channel and constrain action.  They are a form of  social control. 
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5. RITUAL - RITUAL Theyarestereotyped, Theyareprescribed: :...

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