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Friedrich Nietzsche12/05/2008 01:25:00Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) and the death of God•“I am dynamite”•-Nietzsche, Ecce Homo (Autobiography, 326)←←Controvroverisal Figure•Friedrich Nietzshe. Nietzche presented an extremely controversial and provocative philosophy that continues to attract and repel people over a century after his death•Called himself an “anti-Christ” and wrote a book of the same name in 1888.Philosophizing with a hammer•Nietzsche doesn’t use argument and logic. In opposition to the philosophical tradition. He prefers the use of overstatement and rhetoric (“Aphorism”), indeed any device he can, to provoke us, to move us, and to annoy us. He is always agrassive and confrontational. He once described his work as “philosophizing with a hammer.”←The Goal of Nietzsche’s Philosophy•Designed for the purpose of challenging and overthrowing conventional (i.e. traditional) philosophy, morality and religion.←Christianity: A religion of Hate•St. Aquinas- In the kingdom of heaven the blessed will see the punishment of the damned, so that they will derive all the more pleasure from their heavenly bliss.”The Antidote•Nietzsche’s philosophy is meant to be an antidote to all of this. It is meant to destroy conventional morality and replace it with a higher type of morality, which is beyond good and evil beyond what the Christians and the philosophers have named good and evil.•Nietzsche looks toward a creative, joyful, strong, life affirming morality, a morality where we choose, create and affirm our own values, whereby we give our life its own meaning and style←God is dead- were in a transition- the god of monotheistic traitition to die.←Who is God •God= God of the west, Europe and the middle east, God of being. “Iam he who am”←God = God of being (The most real being)= God the creator, God as first cause of the universe, the God of Gebesis etc.
←←Causes of the death of God•Protestant ReformationoThey reject many aspects of Christianity•Martin Luther (1483-1546)- Restores Christianity•Modern Science and TechnologyoGalilea, Newton, Darwin, etc.oEvolution, heliocentricity•Black Plaque killed 2/3 of the peopleoScience explained it God didn’t←Consequences of the death of God.•Absolute foundation for morality is removed•Continue to live in God’s shadow for some whileoPolitics- nationalism/ socialismoScience- will to truth at all costs•Age of AmbiguityoFor some it is cheerfuloFor some it is nostalgiaRecognition of man’s birth. We now become quasi-diving(humanism, pico) •Aware of our newly found freedom, human subjectivity becomes transformed.←Nihilism- latin meaning nothing