SOME MORE TREES TREES FOR RAISING CONSTRUCTIONS (1) John seems to be smart (2) It seems that John is smart (3)* John seems that is smart (1)TP2 NP T’ John (i) T2 VP prs V TP1 seem NP T’ t(i) T1 VP to NP V’ t(i) V AdjP be smart ÆJohn receives a theta-role from ‘be smart’ and raises to spec TP1 for case. BUT! T1 is an infinitive “to” and cannot assign nominative case. So, John moves up higher to get case in the spec of matrix TP
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(2) It seems that John is smart (2)TP2 NP T’ It T2 VP prs V CP seem C TP1 that NP T’ John(i) T1 VP pres NP V’ t(i) V AdjP be smart ÆJohn receives a theta-role from “Be smart” and moves to spec TP1 for nominative