Some Trees - v e N P T Bill(j) T V P t o t ( j ) V V AdjP...

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1 Some trees (1) John believes Bill (2) John believes Bill to be tired (1) TP NP John(i) T’ T V P pres t ( i ) V V N P believe Bill Æ In (1) the verb theta-marks Bill and assigns accusative case to Bill. You cannot replace Bill with an expletive like ‘there’ or with an idiom chunk (1’) * John believes there (2) TP NP T’ John(i) T V P p r s t ( i ) V V T P b e l i e
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Unformatted text preview: v e N P T Bill(j) T V P t o t ( j ) V V AdjP be tired In (2) believe does NOT assign a theta-role to Bill, just the accusative case. You can see that by replacing Bill with an expletive or with an idiom chunk: 2 (2) John believes there to be a riot John believes the cat to be out of the bag...
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Some Trees - v e N P T Bill(j) T V P t o t ( j ) V V AdjP...

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