UPDATED NOTES WEEK 7,8,9 VERB MOVEMENT!!

UPDATED NOTES WEEK 7,8,9 VERB MOVEMENT!! - Markman Syntax...

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1 Markman 10/31/07 Syntax 11/05/07 Week 8 and 9 Verb Movement 1.Tense marking Æ we already know that sentences have heads and that T (Infl) is the head of a sentence. Inflection such as present / past tense is what occupies the T in J onh ru ns vs. John walked Æ But, how does the Tense combine with the verb when it is an affix? If adverbs occupy a second spec VP, right on top of the subject, what can we conclude about the final position of the main verb in English? John often eats apples [bad in French, good in English] *John eats often apples [good in French, bad in English] That is, does the verb ‘eat’ move to T or does the affix ‘hop’ down to the verb? How do you know? What about French? Æ But, there are other tenses in addition to the present and the simple past. Notably, how do we represent (1) (1) Homer has eaten many donuts in his lifetime Æ If ‘have’ is in T, then how do we represent (2) (2) Homer had eaten a donut (before he went to work) Æ It seems that we need another phrase on top of the VP – namely, the participial phrase, PerfP T P N P ( i ) T T P e r f P P e r f V P t ( i ) V Æ Similarly, we seem to need more structure on top of the VP for progressives
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2 (3)Homer is / was eating a donut Æ How about (4)? How can we accommodate this phrase and what does it tell us about the mutual layering of the PerfP and the ProgP? (4) Homer has been eating a donut Æ Finally, what is the position of modal auxiliaries? (5) Homer can / will/ should eat donuts (6) Homer can be eating donuts / *Homer can eats donuts Æ using our adverbial placement test to indicate the position of the verb, what can we conclude about the aux. “Have”? does it move to T or does it stay low? How can we tell? Æ
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UPDATED NOTES WEEK 7,8,9 VERB MOVEMENT!! - Markman Syntax...

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