Payment_environmental_rural_agricultural_conservation_Chapter2_Part16.docx - (iv Theory of Poverty Bradshaw(2006 Aigbokham(2000 and Roch(1998 approached

Payment_environmental_rural_agricultural_conservation_Chapter2_Part16.docx

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(iv) Theory of Poverty Bradshaw (2006), Aigbokham (2000) and Roch (1998) approached the theory of poverty from the perspective of the cause of such poverty. Bradshaw submitted that since most of rural community development effort is to relieve causes or symptoms of poverty. It therefore makes sense to uncover the theory of poverty, that is responsible for the problem. This, will shape the anti-poverty strategies for such poverty type. He mentioned five types of poverty theories as: poverty cause by (i) individual deficiencies, (ii) cultural belief, (iii) political-economic distortion, (iv) geographical disparities and (v) cumulative and cyclical interdependencies. In the past few decades, literature on poverty suggest that the structure of economic system does not allow the poor to be in the equation of the economic system. Brasdshaw (2006), Tobin (1994), further stressed that poor families, hardly get better jobs. This is complicated by the limited number of jobs available near them, as well as lack of growth in the sector that supporting lower skilled workers. Also households headed by women cannot be sufficient economically because the so called minimum wage is not sufficient enough, and other structural barriers disallowed a better wellbeing. To compound the problem of the poor the political systems in developing countries, does not help the matter, as the interests and participation of the poor is either impossible or is deceptive, (Bradshaw, 2006). Oyekale (2012) and Okunmadewa (2002) supported the view that the incentives that are meant for the rural poor in Nigeria were often diverted by the non-poor, leaving the poor to be in abject poverty.
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