Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences has primarily influenced classroom instruction.
Teachers who have studied the different intelligences are aware that their students have different
strengths and weaknesses, and therefore, they must cater their instruction to meet the needs of
the different learners. In addition, the theory has also influenced how corporations recruit and
hire new employees, as well as how they solve problems between employees within their
Gardner’s theory has ultimately taught us that people learn about and see the
world differently. While this may cause some problems when personalities clash, these
differences in intelligence mean that many viewpoints and talents are tapped to look at problems,
create solutions, and in the end, make the world a more interesting and livable place--whether
that world be in the classroom, the boardroom, or in everyday situations.
Gardner has identified eight key intelligences: linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical,
spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. He has also identified a
ninth intelligence which he calls existential, or the ‘intelligence of big questions’ (2005).
Following is an explanation of each of the intelligences.
The first intelligence that is listed above is linguistic. This is the intelligence of words.
People who are strong in this area are usually authors, journalists, and public speakers.
Politicians are usually strong in this area, too, as they tend to have a way of twisting words to
appeal to large groups. Those in business who are strong linguistically are perhaps in sales or
negotiations while students in the classroom are talented in their language arts classrooms.
addition, people who are linguistically talented are good at crossword puzzles and the rhythm of
words and patterns in poetry.
Next there is the logical-mathematical intelligence, which is the intelligence of numbers and