study guide for race relations-short answers and essays

study guide for race relations-short answers and essays -...

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Short Answers: Chapter 1 1.) Why is it important for some groups to maintain the racial hierarchy? It is important for the superordinate groups to maintain the racial hierarchy in order to maintain power??? 2.) Please provide at least 2 examples or reasons why the racial frame can be seen as negative. The racial frame is negative because 1) it allows individuals/cultures to rationalize and legitimate oppression. 2) It also allows dominant/superordinate groups to defend white power and privilege as natural for this society. Examples are anti-Indian genocide, African American slavery, legal segregation, and contemporary incarnations of racial discrimination. Our racialized language and broad racial framing often shape and limit our thinking about society. Such deep embeddedness makes the frames difficult to alter or replace. 3.) How have psychologists explained the relationship between prejudice and expressed discrimination? Few prejudiced people keep their prejudices to themselves; they act out their feelings in discriminatory ways. They have found knowing how prejudiced a subject is does not necessarily help predict the character of his or her actions (weak positive correlation).
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4.) What are the differences and similarities between small-group discrimination and direct institutionalized discrimination? The similarities lie within the fact that they are both types of intentional discrimination. Small-group is harmful action taken by a small number of dominant- group individuals acting in a show against members of a subordinate racial/ethnic group, without the direct support of the norms and of most other dominant group members in the community. On the other hand, direct-institutionalized is an organizationally community prescribed action that has a negative effect on members of a subordinate racial/ethnic group. The main difference is that the whole society is involved in the institutionalized discrimination, and it is planned out, not sporadic like small-group.
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