chapter 18

chapter 18 - Chapter 18 FoodSafetyandFood Technology

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1 Chapter 18 Food Safety and Food  Technology George Paolilli, M.S., S.A., O.M.H.A.
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Food Safety What are the ongoing concerns with food safety in the  United States? 1.   Microbial illness      ** _76_ million  people become ill per year  (1 in _4_ people)      ** _325,00_  hospitalizations      ** _5,000-9,00_ deaths per year 2.   Natural toxins in foods      ** poor choices of foods (fried foods)      ** _aflatoxins__ (peanuts)        ** lectins in seeds and grains (damage liver, kidneys and            inhibits cell division)      ** __solanones__(potatoes) 2
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Food Safety 3.   Residues in your food      ** household and industrial chemicals      ** _Pecticides___ 4.   Poor food quality      ** highly processed and refined foods      ** artificial ingredients and food colorings 5.   Intentional food additives      ** __FDA approved additives__          (colorings, preservatives, artificial sweeteners) 3
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Food Safety 6.   ___Genetically modified foods_____      ** includes soy, corn, _tomatos___, etc.      ** highly __contoversial_ area of food production 4
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Potential Microbes in Food There are more than __200___ known diseases transmitted  through the food we eat (they include)      ** viruses (like hepatitis A)            ___(67% of food borne illnesses are viral) __      ** _Bacteria (30% of illnesses)__      ** parasites  (3% of illnesses)       ** toxins      ** __heavy metals__ (mercury, arsenic, lead, etc)      ** __Prions (proteins)__ (like BSE or Mad Cow Disease) 5
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Problem Foods To Watch ! Imported produced      - _Questionable__ safe harvesting practices      - Irrigation with contaminated _water_ (human manure)       Precut salads and vegetables      - Keep refrigerated soon after purchase      - Note cleanliness of salad bars!!! __Melons and Berries___      - Their skin crevices are places bacteria grow      - __Scrub__ outsides before cutting (melons)  6
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Problem Foods To Watch! (2) Sprouts (alfalfa, clover and radish)      - __They harbor E. coli and Salmonella___         (can’t be washed away with water) __Honey(raw)__      - Can contain botulinim toxin      - Don’t feed to kids under ___1___ year of age Picnic bags      - You must keep dairy, meats and cheeses cold with ice packs      - Don’t use _mayonasie__ 7
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Foodborne Illness? Seafood -33%         Produce-20%     Poultry-17%        Beef -16%             
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chapter 18 - Chapter 18 FoodSafetyandFood Technology

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