CHAPTER 4: Fallacies of Presumption Text pp. 156—158 2. Bifurcation: The assumption may have been valid in Europe in the seventeenth century but not today where the middle class is the dominant one. Furthermore, there are gradations of having—whether it be having power, wealth, or fame. 5. Sweeping Generalization: While in general it may be right to speak the truth, that does not mean that we should always tell our friends the truth. We are under no obligation to hurt others. A better rule to remember, perhaps, is that if you can't say something nice, don't s y it. α 7. Sweeping Generalization: Unfortunately, there are people who work very hard and still get poor grades. Other things count, too—intelligence, having a clear and realistic goal in sight, expert guidance, and so forth.
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