Hmwk_Answers_Exs_Pgs_130_135

Hmwk_Answers_Exs_Pgs_130_135 - PARTTWO:INFORMALFALLACIES

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PART TWO: INFORMAL FALLACIES  CHAPTER 3: Fallacies of Ambiguity Text pp. 130—138 2. Division.:  Because the jury as a group rendered a decision  that impartially took into account all aspects of the alleged  crime, we need not believe that Mr. Black, when separated  from the influence of the views of the other members of  the jury, would prove to be as capable or as impartial as  the others. 5. Hypostatization:   "Nature" is not a person; therefore, it is  doubtful that it is aware that our wells are going dry and  need "replenishing," to say nothing of the absurdity of  believing that we can wait "millions of years" for it to  happen. 8. Composition:  Although no one member of this committee is  especially outstanding, that does not mean that by pooling  their individual resources they could not bring in an able  re-port. I may not be able to push a car that has stalled,  but two or three of us together could easily do so. 10.  Amphibole:  The statement seems to assert that the  teachers' salaries will be paid with the deficit, which is absurd. No doubt the speaker intended to say that the fund from  which he teachers'  salaries will  be paid has a deficit of $57,000.  quivocation:  In the one case we are talking about selling one's  body for sexual purposes, while in the other case we
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are talking about selling oneself for the purpose of work and employment.  The two senses in which the word is used are vastly different a d should η   not be treated as equivalent. The latter type of "selling" does not necessarily  cheapen and de-grade a person in the way the former does. Composition:   To make a rug one needs to know how to do  many other  things, not just tie simple knots. One must know special weaves and how to  put the whole thing together. And even if more intricate knots and weaves  were not necessary, their coordination into a rug might still be beyond a  person's capacity, requiring special ability or training. 14. Amphiboly: The billboard sign could be understood to assent (and need to consider no more evidence). In the first case we begin with the assumption that he is innocent and move from there with the evidence; in the second case we rest with the assumption. 2 6 .   Hypostatization:  The copier is spoken of as if it were a per-son that knows  how to look after itself, that can tell another where it is hurt, and so on. "See  h  smart it is," the adver οω tisement implies. (There is also a question here  about the surveys mentioned: How many copier customers were surveyed?  Who surveyed them?) 28. Accent:  By stressing  Jones,  one implies that only Jones thinks so; by stressing 
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course MODR 1760 taught by Professor Camelacircelli during the Spring '11 term at York University.

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Hmwk_Answers_Exs_Pgs_130_135 - PARTTWO:INFORMALFALLACIES

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