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Text analysis steps 5-7

Text analysis steps 5-7 - ANALYZING TEXTS STEPS 5-7 from...

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ANALYZING TEXTS STEPS 5-7 - from here on in, you’ll be learning to apply skills you’ve already learned in the course. - tonight you’ll be applying what you’ve learned about analyzing arguments and concepts. - I’m going to briefly review the material and then we’ll apply it to an example. - there are 3 things you need to do when learning skills: practice, practice, practice. Step 5: Evaluating the concepts - in step 3, you identified and tried to clarify any unclear terms in the text. - note that you do not need to clarify all unclear terms, only those that seem important. - these terms will normally be the ones that occur in the premises. - note that not all arguments contain unclear terms, but most do. - if you couldn’t find any unclear terms in step 3, you should skip step 6. - here we’re concerned with both what we called conceptual claims and definition-like premises. - a conceptual claim asserts that something is true of a concept. - usually it ascribes a characteristic to a term or states that one term is a kind of or falls under another term. - for example, “homosexuality is unnatural” ascribes a characteristic (unnatural) to homosexuality. - and “addiction is an illness” states that one term (addiction) falls under another term (illness). - a conceptual claim is one that makes us say “That depends on what you mean by…” - there are two main ways to criticize conceptual claims. - one is to show that one or more of the terms is not used consistently.
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