CH1 - Engineering Ethics Chapter One Why Professional...

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Engineering Ethics
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Chapter One Why Professional Ethics
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What is a Profession? c A Profession is a free act of commitment to way of life c By the 17 th century it was referred to anyone who professed to be duly qualified c Thus, a Profession originally meant, according to the Oxford Shorter Dictionary, the act or fact of <professing>. It has come to mean: The occupation which one professes to be skilled and to follow A vocation in which professed knowledge of some branch of learning is used in its application to the affairs of others, or in the practice of an art based upon it.
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What is a Profession? c A Sociological Analysis of Professionalism. c Professions as social practices. c A Socratic Account of Professionalism.
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What is a Profession? Sociological Analysis >>>>>> Economic orientation T he following characteristics distinguish professions from nonprofessional occupations : ntrance into a profession typically requires an extensive 1. Entrance into a profession typically requires an extensive period of training. 2. Professional s knowledge and skills are vital to the well- being of the larger society. 3. Professions usually have a monopoly on the provision of professional services. 4. Professionals often have an unusual degree of autonomy in the workplace. 5. Professionals claim to be regulated by ethical standard codes.
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What is a Profession? Profession >>>>>>> Social Practice Philosopher Alasdair MacItyre defined it: Any coherent and complex form of socially established cooperative human activity through which goods internal to that form of activity are realized in the course of trying to achieve those standards of excellence which are appropriate to, an partially definitive of, that form of activity 1. Every social practice has aims and goods that are especially associated with it. 2. A social practice is inconceivable without these aims. 3. These aims should be morally justifiable. 4. The distinctive aim of a social practice provides a moral criterion for evaluating the behavior of those who participate in the social practice .
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What is a Profession? Socratic Account >>>>>> Philosopher Michael Davis
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course ENMG 504 taught by Professor Halazoghbi during the Spring '09 term at American University of Beirut.

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CH1 - Engineering Ethics Chapter One Why Professional...

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