Ch_10 - MOTIVATIONand EMOTION ChapterX &Emotion...

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    MOTIVATION and  MOTIVATION and  EMOTION EMOTION Chapter X Chapter X
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    When motives/goals are gratified         or threatened Emotions Emotional Motivate Action
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    M O T I V A T I O N M O T I V A T I O N Not just success, but also eating, sex, affiliation… Not just success, but also eating, sex, affiliation…
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    PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION Motivation: goal-directed behavior Instinct:  (fixed action pattern); inherited automatic response  when exposed to particular stimulus But this generates circular reasoning  Genetic contribution Gene knockout experiments Evolutionary theories
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    PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION Biological systems delicately balanced for survival  (perspiring/shivering) Homeostasis:  internal physiological equilibrium that body  strives to maintain Drive Theory of Motivation:  physiological disruption to  homeostasis  Drive:   internal tension that motivate organism to behave  in ways that reduce tension  Goal of motivation is to reduce drive BUT we sometimes behave to increase arousal states (skip  meals, horror movies)
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    PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION distinct neural brain systems Behavioral activation system (BAS):  roused to action by    BAS  Prefrontal area in left hemisphere  goal-directed  Behavioral inhibition system (BIS):  responds to stimuli    fear,  inhibition, escape, avoidance… BIS  limbic system & right frontal lobe
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    PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION Incentives:  environmental stimuli that pull organism toward  goal (good grade, food) BUT why do we respond differently? Expectancy x Value theory:  goal-directed behavior is  jointly determined by strength of person’s expectation that  individual places on goal  (M=E x V) Extrinsic motivation:  performing activity to obtain external  reward or avoid punishment Intrinsic motivation:  performing activity for its own sake
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    PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATION
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course PSYC 202 taught by Professor Dialalawand during the Fall '07 term at American University of Beirut.

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Ch_10 - MOTIVATIONand EMOTION ChapterX &Emotion...

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