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2-Islamic_Art - ExtraReadings&LectureSlides...

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Extra Readings & Lecture Slides http://jft-newspaper.aub.edu.lb/reserve/ • Username:   cvsp251 • Password:   hm251s
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Basic Facts About Islam • Founded by the Prophet Mohammad  c .610 • Prophet died in 632 • Belief in one God, Allah • The  Shahada • Heaven & Hell
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Basic Facts About Islam • Original  qibla  was Jerusalem • Standard  qibla  became Makkah • The  Ka’ba , the holy shrine; the Black  Stone Hijra  calendar Jihad , individual and general
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The Five Pillars of Islam 1. Shahada 2. Five daily prayers 3. Fasting through Ramadan 4. Pilgrimage to Makkah  5. Distribution of alms
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The Explosion / Expansion of  Islam
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Brief History of Early Islam 1. The Prophet Mohammad  c . (570 –  632) 2. The 4 ‘Orthodox’ Caliphs (632 – 661) 3. Umayyad Caliphate  (661 – 750) 4. Abbasid Caliphate  (750 – 1258) The one-thousand year rule of the Turks … and the Revival of Persian culture
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