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Unformatted text preview: Medical Glossary Have you ever wondered what some of those technical terms mean? Read on... Access = a method of gaining entry to the bloodstream so that dialysis can be done. A fistula is one form of access for haemodialysis . Anaemia = a shortage of red blood cells , which leads to symptoms such as weakness, breathlessness and reduced energy. Can be improved with iron and Erythropoietin . Antigen = a type of protein that is found on the outer surface of the bodys cells. Artery = a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Bladder = the organ where urine collects before being passed out of the body. Blood cells = the microscopic cells that make up the solid part of the blood. There are three main types: red, white and platelets . Blood group = a classification system based on hereditary characteristics of the blood ie: whether or not a person has certain antigens on their cells. There are four main blood groups: A, B, AB and O. Blood pressure = the level of pressure that the blood exerts against the walls of the arteries as it passes through them. Bone mar row = the soft part in the middle of some bones, where blood cells are made. Cadaveric transplant = a transplant kidney that has been removed from a person who has died. Calcium = a mineral salt that strengthens the bones. Catheter = a flexible plastic tube used to gain access to the interior of the body. Cholesterol = one of the fat levels in the blood stream - a high cholesterol value is a risk for getting heart diseases or strokes. Diet and drugs can reduce levels of cholesterol. Creatinine = the waste substance that is produced when muscles are used. Measuring the creatinine level in the blood gives an indication of how well, or poorly, the kidneys are working....
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- Spring '10