seminar - SEMINAR GIVEN FOR THE CCE DEPARMENT AT AUB...

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Nasser-Eddin, M, Ph.D SEMINAR GIVEN FOR THE CCE DEPARMENT AT AUB
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Kidneys anatomy and physiology Basic concepts Physics Instrumentation
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Most people have two kidneys, each about 10 centimetres (4 inches) long. They are positioned in the back of the body behind the lower ribs. A healthy kidney is basically a filtering system. In fact, each kidney is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons .
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Urea - 30 g/day Creatinine - 2 g/day Salt - 15 g/day Uric Acid - 0.7 g/day Water - 1500 mL/day Unknown
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As blood passes through the kidneys, it is "cleaned" - the body’s waste products and excess fluid are removed. These waste products, along with the excess fluid, are then sent through the ureters to the bladder . Then they are passed out of the body as urine . Healthy kidneys also balance the chemicals in the blood, and produce hormones which control blood pressure and maintain healthy blood cells and bones.
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less efficient Kidneys at removing waste products from the blood. waste products continue to circulate and build up in the bloodstream. without the hormones that a healthy kidney would produce, the bone marrow becomes less efficient at producing red cells, so anaemia develops.
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Once the kidney problem has been diagnosed, regular blood tests will be required. Treatment with a variety of drugs may be needed, for example, to control blood pressure .
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Drugs and medication Dialysis Kidney transplant
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Hemodialysis Peritonial dialysis
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Blood to be cleaned A membrane that will lie between the blood and another fluid that will take the
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course MECH 633 taught by Professor Mohammadnasserdine during the Spring '10 term at American University of Beirut.

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seminar - SEMINAR GIVEN FOR THE CCE DEPARMENT AT AUB...

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