BIology Study Sheet

BIology Study Sheet - Chapter 18 Differential gene...

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Chapter 17: Gene expression:  is the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins Genes program protein synthesis via genetic messages in the form of mRNA. Transcription : is the synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA. Information is simply copied from  molecules. DNA strand provides template for sequence of RNA. Messenger RNA : RNA molecule that carries a genetic message from the DNA to the protein-synthesizing  machinery of cell. Translation : is the synthesis of polypeptide under direction of mRNA. Cell must translate the base sequence  of an mRNA molecule into the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide. Ribosomes : particles that facilitate linking of amino acids into polypeptide chains.
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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 18: Differential gene expression : the expression of different genes by cells with the same genome.’ Signal goes to chromatin Chromatin starts modification: DNA unpacking (DNA gene now available for transcription) Transcription start primary transcript Then RNA processing RNA still in nucleus Now Transport to cytoplasm mRNA now in cytoplasm Translation degradation of mRNA on side Becomes polypeptide Goes through protein processing such as cleavage and chemical modification Then becomes Active Protein degradation of protein on side + Transport to cellular destination cellular function Chapter 20:...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Professor during the Spring '11 term at Berkeley.

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BIology Study Sheet - Chapter 18 Differential gene...

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