psych notes chapter 7 oct 22nd

psych notes chapter 7 oct 22nd - Chapter 7: Learning...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7: Learning Continued Positive and Negative Reinforcement Positive Reinforcement Behavior: You put coins into a vending machine Presentation of pleasant or positive stimulus: You receive a cold can of soda Frequency of behavior increases: You put coins in vending machines in the future Negative Reinforcement Behavior : In the middle of a boring date you say you have a headache removal and unpleasant stimulus: The date ends early Frequency of behavior increases: You use the same tactic on future bring dates-positive/negative doesnt mean good/bad it means something is given or taken away as a result Escape Conditioning vs. Avoidance Conditioning Examples of negative reinforcement Escape: learned response stops an aversive stimulus Avoidance Conditioning: ? Punishment Punishment: the presentation of an aversive stimulus or the removal of a pleasant one following some behavior. o Results in decrease in the frequency of a response Negative Reinforcement versus Punishment o Negative Reinforcement: strengthens behavior o Punishment: weakens behavior Two Kinds of Punishment Punishment 1 Behavior : You touch a hot iron Presentation of an unpleasant stimulus: your hand is burned frequency of behavior decreases: no longer touch hot irons Punishment 2 (penalty) Behavior: Careless with ice cream cone Removal of a pleasant stimulus ice cream falls to ground frequency of behavior decreases : youre not as careless nest time Drawback of Punishment Does not erase an undesirable habit, merely suppress it. Can produce unwanted side effects...
View Full Document

Page1 / 4

psych notes chapter 7 oct 22nd - Chapter 7: Learning...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online