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Unformatted text preview: Motivation & Emotion What to focus on Pages in textbook o Motivation 393-407 o Emotion 414-424 What is motivation? Motivation: the factors that influence the initiation, direction, intensity, and persistence of behavior Motivation cannot be directly observed, it is inferred from what can be observed Two Types of Drives Primary Drives: stemming from biological needs o e.g., the need for foot or water Secondary Drives: learned drives (wants) o e.g., money Maslows hierarchy of needs before more sophisticated higher order needs can be met, certain primary needs must be satisfied motivation progresses up the pyramid from the best, most fundamental biological needs to higher-order needs Self actualizations (state of self fulfillment) Esteem (need to develop a sense of self worth) Love and belongingness (need to obtain and give affection) Safety needs (the need for a safe and secure environment) Physiological needs (primary drives: needs for water, food, sleep, and sex) The Motivation of Hunger and Eating: Biological Factors Brain regulation o Lateral and ventromedial hypothalamus If lateral hypothalamus damaged you will lose ability to regulate hunger o Paraventricular nucleus (regulate signals relating to hunger) o Hypothalamus controls are basic urges and desires so it plays a role in sleep, eating, hunger, sex, and emotion; also controls and regulates hormone secretion Glucose and digestive regulation o Glucostatic theory As we maintain more glucose, the signals from the glucose tell use when we are hungry...
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- Spring '09