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psych notes personality pages 436 to 451 and 545 to 461

psych notes personality pages 436 to 451 and 545 to 461 -...

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Personality Textbook: Pages 436-451; 454-461 What is Personality? Typical ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that make one person different from another Relatively enduring characteristics that differentiate people—behaviors that make each individual unique Trait Theories Gordan Allport Central Traits: general to many different situations o Typical, enduring traits we have Secondary Traits: specific to certain situations o Describe someone as talkative, but there are other situations when they are not o Go on a first date and they are different than how they are typically described Defining Personality: Consistency and Distinctiveness Personality Traits o Dispositions and dimensions The Five Factor Model o Extraversion either very outgoing or prefer to be with yourself or small groups of friends; sociable versus retiring; fun-loving versus sober; affectionate versus reserved o Neuroticism Nervous, anxious, emotional; worried versus calm; insecure versus secure; self-pitying versus self-satisfied o Openness to experience Willing to take changes; think outside of the box; try new things; imaginative versus down to earth; preference for variety versus preference of routine; independent versus conforming o Agreeableness Friendliness; good nature; softhearted versus ruthless; trusting versus suspicious o Conscientiousness How well you stick to your goals; degree of thoughtfulness * spell OCEAN; and relatively stable
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Assumptions of Trait Approach Personality traits remain relatively stable and therefore predictable over time
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