final exam study guide

final exam study guide - Chapter 10 continued from notebook...

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Chapter 10: continued from notebook Sampling strategies and procedures Signaling in experience sampling the way researcher uses to inform the participants that they are to respond to a copy of the brief questionnaire they have been provided –3 forms o Participants signaled by the clock – specific times or events in which they have to answer questions o Electronic device such as an alarm system o Handheld computers The daily diary most straight forward application of experience sampling which uses end-of-day reporting together summary information about particpants’ experiences over the courses of the day Sampling at random used when reasers are interested in an accurate estimate of the quality or quantity of particular experiences or events participants experience o Standard procedure is to sample experience on random occasions throughout the day for a number of days. o Comes at a cost o First signaling device required o Second set of costs concerns the decisions that must be made regarding the random schedule itself o How many times to sample from experience Event contingent sampling o An alternative approach to sampling experience is to ask the participants to determine when they are to report on their experiences. o Useful when the research question concerns people’s reaction to specific aspects of their experience o Event is desired experience o INTERNAL EVENTS thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the participants . o EXTERNAL EVENTS situations or stimuli that the participant might encounter during the course of everyday
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Measurement strategies and procedures Regardless of how measurements are taken in an experience sampling study, the questionnaire itself must manifest two qualities: o Brief o Frame of reference It must reference the experience of the participant at that moment or withing a narrow time frame Paper and pencil appraochs o 2 primary concerns The physical properties of the questeionaire document The process by which completed copies of the questionnaire will be delievered to researchers. o Important to establish means to keep paritpcants motivated and by which problems are detected and corrected early Computer assisted approaches Chapter 15: Observational and Archival Research Advantages o Easily asscesible o Archives often provide aggregated measurements, often over time, of significant constructs drawn from illions of individuals, hundreds of organizations or dozens of different societies o Avoid potential problems casues by the respondents’ awareness of being studied; that is, they can be unobtrusive or nonreactive measures Naturalness in Research NONREACTIVE MEASURES in using it the researcher hopes that participants’ responses will not be shaped by such considerations as a desire to impress the researcher or a belief that certain behaviors would support the research hypothesis. The drive for “naturalness” in research thus derives from the belief that participants are
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final exam study guide - Chapter 10 continued from notebook...

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