Meat Animal Production Methods

Meat Animal Production Methods - Overview of Overview of...

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Unformatted text preview: Overview of Overview of U.S Meat Production U.S Meat Production C. Chad Carr University of Florida Conception-to-Consumption Conception-to-Consumption Food Animal Industry Food Animal Industry Is A Business of Reproduction Is A Business of Reproduction They reproduce to produce meat They reproduce to produce meat RED MEAT SPECIES Bovine Cattle Porcine Swine Ovine Sheep Caprine Goats Poultry Species Chickens Avian Turkeys Species: BOVINE ( Species: BOVINE ( Cattle Cattle ) ) Male: Bull Male: Bull Female (offspring): Cow Female (offspring): Cow Female (no offspring): Heifer Female (no offspring): Heifer Castrated male: Steer Castrated male: Steer Species: Porcine ( Species: Porcine ( Swine Swine ) ) Male: Boar Male: Boar Female (offspring): Sow Female (offspring): Sow Female (no offspring): Gilt Female (no offspring): Gilt Castrated male: Barrow Castrated male: Barrow Species: Ovine ( Species: Ovine ( Sheep Sheep ) ) Male: Ram Male: Ram Female (offspring): Ewe Female (offspring): Ewe Female (no offspring): Ewe lamb Female (no offspring): Ewe lamb Castrated male: Wether Castrated male: Wether Species: Caprine (Goats) Species: Caprine (Goats) Male: Buck Male: Buck Female (offspring): Doe Female (offspring): Doe Female (no offspring): Doe Female (no offspring): Doe Castrated male: Wether Castrated male: Wether Pregnancy & Pregnancy & Birth... Birth... Female Gestation Period # of Offspring Cow/Heifer 283 d (~9 mo.) 1 Sow/Gilt 114 d (3,3,3) 8-14 Ewe/Ewe lamb 144 d 1-3 Doe 150 d 1-3 Birthing process: Cows calve and have a calf, Sows farrow and have pigs and Ewes lamb and have lambs Does kid and have kids Parturition Progeny Young are on mothers milk for three weeks (pig), two months (lamb or goat) eight months (calf) then are weaned . After weaning.go to Growing &/or Finishing phase Elite Purebred Producers Elite Purebred Producers (Great-Grandparent) (Great-Grandparent) Packers Packers Processors, Wholesalers, Purveyors Processors, Wholesalers, Purveyors Retail Retail CONSUMER CONSUMER Multiplier Producers Multiplier Producers (Grandparent) (Grandparent) Commercial Producers Commercial Producers (Parent) (Parent) Dairy- Bos Taurus Beef- Bos Taurus & Bos Indicus Elite Purebred Producers Elite Purebred Producers Multiplier Producers Multiplier Producers Commercial Producers Commercial Producers Cow/Calf Cow/Calf Stocker Stocker Feedlot Feedlot Packers/Processors Packers/Processors Wholesalers/Purveyors Wholesalers/Purveyors Retailers/Foodservice Retailers/Foodservice Customers Customers Beef Production Pyramid Commercial Beef Commercial Beef Production Production Cow/Calf Cow/Calf Producer Producer Feedyard Feedyard Stocker Stocker Packer Packer Timeline of Beef Production Jan-06 May-06 Aug-06 Nov-06 Mar-07 Jun-07 Cow-Calf PreCond Backgrd Stocker Feedlot Harvest Process Retail Herd Sire Cow-Calf Segment Cow-Calf Segment Brood Cow This is a non- commercial rare breed with a Place Bull With Cows...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course ANS 2002 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Meat Animal Production Methods - Overview of Overview of...

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