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SCAN0046 - Principle Pathways in the Post absorptive State...

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Unformatted text preview: Principle Pathways in the Post absorptive State I In muscle: I Protein is broken down to amino acids I Glycogen is converted to ATP and pyruvic acid (lactic acid in anaerobic states) may): flflnevnmm-lmrmmrfln: pus“, 4mm: :mnna4 Principle Pathways in the Postabsorptive State Hormonal and Neural Controls of the Postabsorptive State In response to low plasma glucose, the sympathetic nervous system releases epinephrine, which acts on the liver, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue to mobilize fat and promote glycogenolysis am; e am my» mum lm. mama a 31:. genus (3mm! e Pathways in the Post absorptive State iver: I Ammo acids, pyruvic acid, stored glycogen, and fat are converted into glucose I Fat 3 converted into keto acids that are used to make ATP I Fatty (from I Gluco cids (from adipose tissue) and ketone bodies he liver) are uscd in most tissue to make ATP e from the liver is used by the nervous system to generate ATP again b 2-,!“ rum imzmm. 11:. “992‘, “Mm Giana-as: Hormonal and Neural Controls of the Postab Decrel amino pancr insuli a orptive State sed plasma glucose concentration and rising acid levels stimulate alpha cells of the as to secrete glueagon (the antagonist of ) Glucagon stimulates: I Glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis I Fat I Gin (”yew mm rum breakdown in adipose tissue cose spa ring mm .m. as. mm“ a “a; Liver Metabolism I Hepatocytes carry out over 500 intricate metabolic functiarns types“ I: 1-“ mm :mwm. 1:», ppm » exile-plum amt,“ 7/7/2010 ...
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