HORT 100 - Introduction to Horticulture Horticulture - from...

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Introduction to Horticulture Horticulture - from the Latin hortus (garden) and cultura (cultivation) The science and art of cultivating fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants An ancient activity of humans Chrysanthemums have been cultivated by Chinese for thousands of years Ancient Egyptian gardens for fruit production Hanging gardens of Babylon
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Horticulture: historical importance Discovery, cultivation and trade of horticultural products have been involved in many facets of our history Can you think of any examples where horticulture has affected the course of history?
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Horticulture: historical importance Among the reasons for exploration in the Middle Ages were: Finding sources of high value crops such as spices Developing trade routes for rapid transportation of these commodities
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Horticulture: historical importance One factor behind the colonization of many regions by European countries was to establish access to a variety of high value horticultural products Beverage crops (tea, coffee, cocoa) Herbs and spices
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Horticulture: historical importance Failures of horticultural crops have affected US history Irish potato famine in 1840s resulted in mass migration from Ireland to US
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Economic importance of horticulture Non-citrus fruit - $8.2 bn per year Citrus fruit - $2.6 bn per year Vegetables - $7.6 bn per year 40% of what we eat are horticulture products Bedding plants - $1.8 bn per year Perennial plants - $0.6 bn per year Nursery plants - $3.1 bn per year These figures do not include the service sector of the horticulture industry
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course HORT 100 taught by Professor Dana during the Spring '11 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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HORT 100 - Introduction to Horticulture Horticulture - from...

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