review - HORT 101 Review Topics& Terms for Exam 1 Plant...

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Unformatted text preview: HORT 101 Review Topics & Terms for Exam 1 Plant classifications, scientific and others, & scientific nomenclature Photosynthesis, the system, its parts, terminology. Structure of leaves, stems, roots, cells Growth & development of leaves, stems, roots, cells Plant hormones, definitions, what they are and what they do Flower structure & function Plant Classification annual perennial biennial herbaceous woody deciduous evergreen aquatic xerophyte halophyte nut herb spice medicinal ornamental Latin binomial Genus species authority cultivar variety interspecific cross clone, clonal cultivar sport hybrid, hybrid cultivar pure‐line cultivar open‐pollinated cultivar Plant Structure and Function photosynthesis autotrophic chloroplast chlorophyll light vs dark reaction cuticle epidermis parenchyma cells intercellular spaces stomata guard cells trichomes xylem phloem fibers transpiration respiration veination parallel, palmate, pinnate simple vs compound leaves palmately compound, pinnately compound, trifoliate petiole node internode axillary bud stipules cambium cortex collenchyma vessel source vs sink meristem, meristematic tissue endodermis Casparian strip pericycle adventitious roots root hairs pith Growth and Development apical meristem cell division vs enlargement vs differentiation primary growth vs secondary growth auxin gibberellins cytokinins abscisic acid ethylene apical dominance Flowers and Flowering pistil stigma style ovary ovule stamen pollen anther filament petal corolla sepal calyx receptacle peduncle complete vs incomplete flowers perfect vs imperfect flowers staminate flowers pistillate flowers monoecious dioecious inflorescence photoperiod phytochrome vernalization juvenile phase For each of the indicated cells or structures, labeled 1 to 3, in the diagram below of phloem tissue select the most appropriate term from the list below. HORT 101 – Fundamentals of Horticulture Sample exam questions 1 2 Choose your answers to questions 1 to 3 from the following list. 1. xylem 6. lignin plate 2. companion cell 7. sieve plate 3. supporting cell 8. pith 4. tracheid tube 9. sieve tube 5. cortex 10. pie plate Select the best answer or completion of the statement. Herbaceous perennials are plants that 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. have woody stems flower once and then die are grown for their culinary uses grow year after year are harvested before they flower 3 The molecule that absorbs light energy in plants is 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. chromogen chymosin chlorogen chlorophyll chromophyll The root cap 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. is comprised exclusively of dead cells protects the root apical meristem contains vascular tissue produces root hairs removes toxins from the soil Which of the following is not a plant hormone 1. 2. auxin cytokinin 3. 4. gibberellin actinic acid 5. 6. abscisic acid ethylene Which of the following is the typical sequence arrangement of floral parts beginning with the one most basal, or closest to the stem? 1. 2. 3. 4. pistil(s), sepal(s), petal(s), anther(s) pistil(s), anther(s), sepal(s), petal(s) petal(s), sepal(s), anther(s), pistil(s) petal(s), sepal(s), pistil(s), anther(s) 5. 6. 7. 8. sepal(s), petal(s), anther(s), pistil(s) sepal(s), petal(s), pistil(s), anther(s) anther(s), pistil(s), sepal(s), petal(s) anther(s), pistil(s), petal(s), sepal(s) ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2011 for the course HORT 100 taught by Professor Dana during the Spring '11 term at Purdue.

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